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Catherine Little
~ cello music in Nova Scotia ~
energy, creativity, intuition
​​​Puzzles!

Welcome to my education page! As many of you know, I am a cello teacher and run a music studio in the Halifax Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia. I hope you enjoy the puzzles, tunes by ear, and other resources, which I plan to update regularly. Please feel free to contact me, or sign up of my newsletter, which will have information about cello happenings in the city and elsewhere.  
Level 1 Puzzle​​​​​: ​​​​The Musical Alphabet

Try these puzzles to test your understanding of the musical alphabet and the terms Semi-tone, Whole Tone, Enharmonic, above/higher and below/lower:

Instructions: Follow the directions to spell a word out of the musical alphabet (sharps and flats are used to solve the puzzle but are not included in the spelling)

A A# B C  C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A ...
A B B  C  D D  E E  F  G G  A A  BB  C  D D ...

Word #1: Start on the semi-tone below C. Next letter is a whole tone above D. Next letter is a semi-tone above G#. Next letter is two whole tones above B♭.  Can you guess this four-letter word?

Word #2: Start on the enharmonic for E#. Next letter is the letter that follows G in the musical alphabet. Next letter is a whole tone above C. Next pitch is a semi-tone below F. Can you guess this four-letter word?

Word #3: Start one and a half tones above D♭. Next letter is one tone above the starting letter. Next letter is one semi-tone further. Can you guess this three-letter word?

Word #4: Start on the enharmonic to A#. Next letter is a semi-tone below. Next letter is the enharmonic for A♭. Can you guess this three-letter word?

Level 2 Puzzle​​
Written by Cather Little 08/21/17 - Puzzle No. 1

Can You Guess This Tune?
Instructions:
Follow the 21 Steps to discover this famous tune. (The Key is G Major)

Play this tune in G Major:

Step 1: Start by playing open D twice
Step 2: Play one whole tone up
Step 3: Come back to open D
Step 4: Go to the tonic
Step 5: Go down one semitone
Step 6: Go back to open D and play it twice
Step 7: Play one whole tone up
Step 8: Play open D again
Step 9: Play the second degree of the scale
Step 10: Step down a whole tone to the tonic
Step 11: Play open D twice
Step 12:Play up an octave
Step 13: Go down a tone and a half
Step 14: Go down two whole tones and play this note twice
Step 15: Step down by a semitone
Step 16: Step down a whole tone
Step 17: Play C twice
Step 18: Step down a semitone
Step 19: Play the tonic
Step 20: Step up a whole tone
​Step 21: Step back a whole tone to the tonic

Important Terms

* Octave: A distance of 8 steps of the scale from one note to another. Two notes that are an octave apart share the same note name, but one will be 8 notes higher than the other.

* Whole tone (tone, whole step): The distance of two semitones.

* Semi-tone (half step): The smallest distance between notes of the scale.
Examples are D to D#, E to F or  B♭to B.

* Tonic: The beginning note to the scale. In D Major, the tonic is D.

* Degree of the Scale: A numbered note of the scale. For example, in A Major, the first degree of the scale is A, the second degree is B, and the third
degree is C#.

Level 3 Puzzle​​​​​​​​

coming soon...
Level 4 Puzzle​​​​​​
​written by Catherine Little - September 2017
​​​Can you play this famous American tune?

Instructions:
Follow the 13 Steps and listen to the Legacy String Trio on SoundCloud.
Ashokan Farewell, by Jay Ungar, in D Major.
Step 1: Start on the fifth degree of D Major (open string).

Step 2: Play the octave above open D, but first, step up to it from the leading tone.

Step 3: Head back down the scale until you get to the dominant again.

Step 4: Step down one step in the D Major arpeggio.

Step 5: Go down one step in the scale, and then back up the scale until you reach the note G (4th finger in first position).

Step 6: Go back down the scale again, all the way to the tonic.

Step 7: Play a B on the G string, followed by the tonic (open string), and then back to the same B.

Step 8: Step down one whole tone, and then go up, on a D Major arpeggio until reaching D on the A string.

Step 9: Skip down 2 steps of the D Major arpeggio.

Step 10: Play down one whole tone, the to Supertonic.

Step 11: Play the tonic (open string).

Step 12: Go one note below the tonic, to the Leading Tone.

Step 13: Play the tonic (open string).

Congraulations!
You have completed playing a short version of Jay Ungar's "Ashokan Farewell".


Important Terms:

* Degree of the scale - A numbered note of the scale. For example, in the key of A Major the first degree is A, the second degree is B, and the third degree is C#.

* Tonic - the beginning note to the scale. In D Major, the tonic is D.

* Dominant - the fifth note to the scale. In A Major, the dominant is E.

*Supertonic - another word used for the second degree of the scale. 

* Leading Tone - another word used to describe the 7th degree of the scale.